Acarya -- a spiritual master who
teaches by example.
Acintya -- inconceivable.
Advaita -- nondual.
Ahimsa -- nonviolence.
Ananda -- spiritual bliss.
Arati -- a ceremony in which the deity of the Lord
Arca-vigraha -- an authorized form of God manifested
in material elements to facilitate worship.
Asrama -- a place where spiritual life is practiced,
one of the four orders of spiritual life.
Asura -- demon, atheist, one who is not godly.
Atma -- the self or soul, sometimes refers to the
body, mind and soul.
Avatara -- an incarnation of God
Balarama -- Lord Krishna's first expansion,
His elder brother.
Battle of Kuruksetra -- an historic battle described
in the Mahabharata.
Bhagavad-gita -- the "Song of God" spoken
5000 years ago by Lord Krishna to Arjuna.
Bhakta/ Bhaktin -- a devotee of God.
Bhakti -- loving devotional service to God.
Bhakti-yoga -- linking with the Supreme Lord through
Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura -- the spiritual
master of His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada.
Bhagavan -- the Supreme Lord who possesses all opulences.
Brahma -- the first created being of the universe.
Brahmacari -- a celibate student.
Brahmajyoti -- the divine light or effulgence emanating
from the spiritual form of God.
Brahman -- spirit, soul, impersonal light of God,
Supreme Person, total material elements.
Brahmana (Brahmin) -- intellectual or priestly class
in the varnasrama system.
Brahma-samhita -- prayers to Lord Krishna sung by
Caitanya-caritamrita -- a biography of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu by Krishnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami.
Caitanya Mahaprabhu -- an incarnation of God who
appeared in Navadvipa, West Bengal in the late 15th century to propagate the chanting
of the Hare Krishna mantra.
Darsan -- to be in the presence of God or His
Dasa/ Dasi -- servant of guru and Krishna.
Deva -- a demigod or saintly person.
Dharma -- one's natural occupation, essential quality,
the original constitutional position of the living entities, which is that of
Ekadasi -- a fasting day observed twice a month
for increasing remembrance of Lord Krishna.
Gandharvas -- celestial residents and singers
of the heavenly planets.
Garuda -- the eagle bird carrier of Lord Visnu.
Gayatri -- sacred hymn chanted regularly by twice-born
spiritualists and devotees.
Goloka -- Lord Krishna's abode in the spiritual sky,
Gopi -- cowherd maiden, female servant of Lord Krishna.
Gosvami -- master of the senses, one who controls
Grihastha -- a householder or married person in
the varnasrama system.
Guru -- spiritual master.
Gurukula -- the school of the spiritual master where
students learn the philosophy and practice of Krishna consciousness.
Hanuman -- a great monkey devotee of Lord Ramacandra,
an incarnation of Krishna.
Hare Krishna mantra -- the great mantra for liberation,
the holy names of God recommended for chanting in this age: Hare
Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare / Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama
Rama, Hare Hare Hare addresses the energy of God. Krishna and Rama are
names of God.
Haridasa Thakura -- a great devotee of the Lord
known as the acarya of the holy name.
Hiranyakasipu -- a demon killed by Lord Nrsimhadeva,
an incarnation of Krishna.
Iskcon -- the International Society for Krishna
Japa -- the chanting of the holy names of God
on prayer beads.
Jiva -- eternal individual soul, the living entity.
Jnana -- knowledge.
Kali -- a demigoddess to whom worshipers sometimes
Kali-yuga -- the present age of quarrel and hypocrisy
of which 5000 of 432,000 years have passed.
Karma -- the universal law of cause and effect /
of action and reaction.
Kirtana -- congregational chanting of the holy names
of God, usually with musical instruments.
Krsna, Krishna -- God, the Supreme Personality of
Godhead in His original spiritual form.
Ksatriya -- administrator in the varnasrama system.
Laksmi -- the Goddess of Fortune, eternal consort
of Lord Narayana.
Lila -- a transcendental pastime of the Supreme
Loka -- planet.
Mahatma -- a great soul.
Mahabharata -- the epic history of ancient India
which contains the Bhagavad-gita.
Mantra -- a sound vibration or Vedic hymn.
Maya -- illusory energy of God which deludes living
entities into forgetting their spiritual nature.
Mayavadi -- Impersonalist, one who regards the Absolute
Truth as impersonal or void.
Mukti -- liberation from material existence.
Narayana -- the four-armed form of Lord Krishna
who presides over the Vaikuntha planets.
Nityananda -- the incarnation of Lord Balarama who
appeared with Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Nrisimha, Nrsimhadeva, Narasingha -- the half-man,
half-lion incarnation of Lord Krishna.
Om, Omkara -- the sacred syllable which represents
the Absolute Truth.
Paramahamsa -- topmost class of spiritually
realized devotees, a supremely swanlike devotee.
Paramatma -- the Supersoul, the Supreme Lord in
the hearts of all living beings.
Parampara -- the disciplic succession through which
pure spiritual knowledge is transmitted.
Prakriti -- nature, can refer to both the spiritual
(para) or material (apara) nature.
Prabhu -- master, term of respect given to other
Vaisnavas or devotees.
Prana -- the life air.
Prasadam -- sanctified vegetarian food offered to
Lord Krishna, literally "mercy" of God.
Prema -- pure love of God.
Puranas -- Vedic histories.
Radha, Radhe, Radharani -- Lord Krishna's eternal
consort and pleasure potency.
Rama -- name of God meaning unlimited pleasure,
Krishna's incarnation of Lord Ramacandra.
Rathayatra -- a festival in which the deity forms
of God are pulled on chariots.
Ravana -- a demon who was killed by Lord Ramacandra.
Rupa Gosvami -- chief of the six gosvamis of Vrindavan
who wrote many authoritative books on the science of Krishna consciousness.
Sat-cit-ananda -- eternity, knowledge and bliss.
Sadhu -- a saintly person.
Samadhi -- full absorption in God consciousness,
a sacred tomb for the body of a saintly person.
Samsara -- the cycle of repeated birth and death
in the material world.
Sanatana -- eternal.
Sanatana-dharma -- the eternal religion of the living
being, devotional service to God.
Sanatana Gosvami -- one of the six gosvamis of Vrindavan,
brother of Rupa Gosvami.
Sankirtana -- the congregational chanting of the
holy names of God, spreading God consciousness.
Sannyasa, Sannyasi -- the renounced order of life
/ renounced wandering mendicant.
Sastra -- revealed scriptures.
Shri--an honorific title (Shrila, Shrimad, Shriman,
Sita -- Lord Ramacandra's wife and eternal consort.
Siva -- the demigod in charge of the mode of ignorance
and who annihilates the material universe.
Srila Prabhupada -- His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta
Swami Prabhupada, founder and acarya of the International Society for Krishna
Srimad-Bhagavatam -- the most important of the eighteen
Puranas (Bhagavat Purana) which describes and explains the pastimes of Lord Krishna
written by Srila Vyasadeva.
Sudra -- a member of the laborer class in the varnasrama
Svami, Swami -- one who controls the mind and senses.
Supersoul -- the form of God who resides in the
hearts of all living beings.
Tulasi, Tulsi, Tulasi-devi -- a great devotee
of the Lord who appears in the form of a sacred plant, the leaves of this plant
are offered to Krishna.
Upanisads -- the 108 philosophical portions
of the Vedas.
Vaikuntha -- the spiritual world where there
is no anxiety.
Vaisnava -- a devotee of Lord Krishna or Visnu.
Vaisya -- a member of the business or farming class
in the varnasrama system.
Vanaprastha -- retired life in preparation for sannyasa,
or the renounced order.
Varnasrama -- the Vedic social system which organizes
society into four occupational and four spiritual divisions (varnas and asramas).
The four varnas are the brahmanas (priests and intellectuals), the ksatriyas (administrators
and soldiers), the vaisyas (businessmen and farmers) and the sudras (laborers
and artisans). The members of the four asramas are the brahmacaris (celibate students),
grhasthas (married householders), vanaprasthas (retired persons) and sannyasis
Vasudeva -- (1) Lord Krishna, "the son of Vasudeva";
(2) the state of pure goodness, which transcends the material modes of nature
and in which one can understand the Supreme Lord.
Veda -- knowledge.
Vedas --- the four Vedic scriptures (Rg, Yajur,
Sama and Atharva) and their supplements (Puranas, Mahabharata, Vedanta-sutra,
Vedic -- pertaining to the culture in which the
Vedas guide all aspects of human life.
Vishnu -- a four-armed incarnation of Lord Krishna.
Vrindavana -- the spiritual abode of Lord Krishna
also replicated on earth as the village in India where Krishna appeared 5000 years
Vyasadeva -- the literary incarnation of God who
wrote the Vedas.
Yajna -- sacrifice.
Yamaraja -- the demigod (known as the "Lord
of Death") who punishes sinful living entities.
Yoga -- union with the Lord.